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Supreme Court Will Hear Gerrymandering Case

Supreme Court Will Hear Gerrymandering Case

The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday agreed decide whether electoral maps drawn deliberately to favor a particular political party are acceptable under the Constitution in a case that could have huge consequences for American elections in the future.

Sometimes, modern politicians openly admit that they have create redistricting plans that favor their party, because such gerrymandering has never been ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court so those politicians have no reluctance to set their partisan goals and achieve them.

The justices may have given an early sense for which way they're leaning, issuing an order halting a lower court's ruling that had demanded Wisconsin redraw its maps by November.

The answer should be easy: the Constitution exists to prevent the very kind of political entrenchment that partisan gerrymandering represents.

Attorneys for Wisconsin voters applauded Monday when the U.S. Supreme Court took up their challenge to partisan gerrymandering.

A Supreme Court ruling faulting the Wisconsin redistricting plan could have far-reaching consequences for the redrawing of electoral districts due after the 2020 US census. The lawsuit argues that the map is an unconstitutional effort to help Republicans retain power.

Walker said, " 'One person, one vote, ' the principles of community of interest, ensuring minority voting rights, all those things are protected in the plan that was passed by the Assembly and the Senate that I signed into law and I believe, in the end, the United States Supreme Court will uphold it".

"This will be the biggest and most important election law case in decades".

At issue is the question of whether the process of drawing new election district boundaries is unconstitutional if one political party specifically creates maps giving its own candidates a distinct advantage in getting elected, directly limiting the other party's chances at the polls.

The Supreme Court is wading into the thicket of partisan redistricting in a case from Wisconsin.




The challengers to the Wisconsin districts said it is an extreme example of redistricting that has led to ever-increasing polarization in American politics because so few districts are genuinely competitive between the parties.

The case in the short term could affect congressional maps in about half a dozen states and legislative maps in about 10 states, before having major implications for the post-2020 redistricting, according to the New York University School of Law's Brennan Center for Justice. Under those maps in 2012, Republicans captured 61 percent of state assembly seats while winning 48.6 percent of the statewide vote.

States redraw districts for House seats in Congress and for legislative districts in state legislatures.

A decision to uphold the ruling, on the other hand, would send courts across the U.S. head-first into a legal thicket, where they would be asked to glean legislative intent in district-drawing and pore over electoral maps and data to discern evidence of imbalance. The Supreme Court will now consider that decision.

The measurement could appeal to Justice Anthony Kennedy, who has said he is willing to referee claims of excessively partisan redistricting, but only if the court can find a workable way to do so.

A three-judge court struck down the districts as an illegal partisan gerrymander and ordered new ones to be put in place for the 2018 elections.

The groups challenging Wisconsin's case developed a new metric for measuring partisanship that they call the "efficiency gap".

"That would be the law of the land and require many states to take immediate action", Burden said. The generic term for the process is called redistricting.

It will be the high court's first case in more than a decade on what's known as partisan gerrymandering.

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